Agen Tiket Pesawat di Kutai

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Kutai Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Kutai

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Malang

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Malang Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Malang

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Yogyakarta

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Yogyakarta Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Yogyakarta

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Bandung

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Bandung Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Bandung

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Pontianak

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Pontianak Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Pontianak

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Samarinda

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Samarinda Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Samarinda

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Palembang

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Palembang Hubungi 021-9929-2337 atau 0821-2406-5740 Alhijaz Indowisata adalah perusahaan swasta nasional yang bergerak di bidang tour dan travel. Nama Alhijaz terinspirasi dari istilah dua kota suci bagi umat islam pada zaman nabi Muhammad saw. yaitu Makkah dan Madinah. Dua kota yang penuh berkah sehingga diharapkan menular dalam kinerja perusahaan. Sedangkan Indowisata merupakan akronim dari kata indo yang berarti negara Indonesia dan wisata yang menjadi fokus usaha bisnis kami.

Agen Tiket Pesawat di Palembang

saco-indonesia.com, Puluhan kios di Jalan Pramuka Ujung, Senen, Jakarta Pusat, telah dibongkar oleh satuan polisi Pamong Praja (

saco-indonesia.com, Puluhan kios di Jalan Pramuka Ujung, Senen, Jakarta Pusat, telah dibongkar oleh satuan polisi Pamong Praja (Satpol PP) pagi tadi. Sebab, kios-kios tersebut dianggap telah menutupi sebagian trotoar.

Salah seorang pedagang, Yati, juga mengakui kalau pembongkaran itu juga sudah ada pemberitahuan. Namun, dia juga mengaku tetap kaget dengan pembongkaran ini.

"Sudah ada pemberitahuan, tapi kan belum tahu dibongkar langsung," kata Yati kepada wartawan, Jumat (20/12).

Sementara itu, Camat Senen, Lola Lovita telah membantah mengenai tidak adanya peringatan sebelum pembongkaran. Bahkan, pihaknya juga sudah sering melakukan sosialisasi.

"Sebenarnya juga sudah sering kita berikan sosialisasi," terangnya.

Menurut Lola, pembongkaran ini akibat toko-toko tersebut telah menutupi bagian median trotoar. Sehingga, tidak sesuai dengan jarak yang telah ditentukan oleh pemerintah DKI Jakarta.

"Jaraknya seharusnya dua meter. Yang menjorok ke depan ada 20an kios," pungkasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Ratusan dokter dari seluruh Indonesia menggelar demonstrasi di depan Istana Merdeka, Senin (20/5/2013).

JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com -  Ratusan dokter dari seluruh Indonesia menggelar demonstrasi di depan Istana Merdeka, Senin (20/5/2013). Mereka memrotes kebijakan kesehatan yang belum menyeluruh. Presidium Dokter Indonesia Bersatu, Agung Sapta Adi, mengatakan pihaknya berharap ada reformasi kesehatan nasional yang berkeadilan.

"Idealnya, anggaran kesehatan 5 persen dari APBN dan 10 persen dari APBD sesuai UU Kesehatan Nomor 36 Tahuun 2009. Tapi sekarang belum terjadi," katanya.

Biaya kesehatan yang mahal seharusnya bisa disiasati kalau ada perencanaan dan alokasi dana dan fasilitas yang tepat sasaran. Cukai rokok seharusnya juga bisa dialokasikan untuk pembiayaan kesehatan sebagai kompensasi dampak rokok bagi kesehatan.
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Sumber:Kompas.com

Saco-Indonesia.com - Seorang wanita di Arab Saudi hidup sebagai seorang pengemis di sebagian besar hidupnya hingga berusia seratus tahun.

Saco-Indonesia.com - Seorang wanita di Arab Saudi hidup sebagai seorang pengemis di sebagian besar hidupnya hingga berusia seratus tahun. Namun ketika dia wafat, dirinya meninggalkan uang belasan miliar dan empat bangunan.

Dikenal sebagai Aisyah, wanita itu telah memberitahu seorang tetangganya tepat sebelum kematiannya untuk memberikan uangnya kepada pihak berwenang lantaran dia tidak memiliki keluarga, seperti dilansir situs emirates247.com, Senin (17/3).

Koran Saudi berbahasa Arab, Okaz memperkirakan kekayaan Aisyah senilai Rp 15,1 miliar ditambah dengan empat bangunan besar di kota pelabuhan Jeddah, tempat di mana Aisyah telah mempraktikkan profesinya sebagai pengemis selama lebih dari 50 tahun.

"Dia memiliki uang tunai sekitar Rp 12,1 miliar, koin emas senilai lebih dari Rp 3 miliar dan empat bangunan," tulis Okaz, mengutip seorang pria menjadi tetangga Aisyah.

Pria tidak disebutkan identitasnya itu mengatakan dia telah melayani Aisyah selama bertahun-tahun sebelum akhirnya meninggal pekan ini.

"Sebelum kematiannya, dia meminta saya untuk memberitahu pihak berwenang dan memberikan semua uang dan properti miliknya kepada mereka," ujar dia.

Pria itu mengatakan dirinya telah menyerahkan kekayaan Aisyah kepada seorang petinggi di lingkungannya di hadapan semua pejabat lainnya. Dia telah berjanji untuk melakukan prosedur menyerahkan kekayaan Aisyah ke pihak berwenang secepatnya.

Sumber : Merdeka.com

Editor:Maulana Lee

1. Ajay Kumar (Aktor Terkecil Dunia)

1. Ajay Kumar (Aktor Terkecil Dunia)

Aktor Komedi India Ajay Kumar telah resmi diakui sebagai aktor terkecil di dunia. Kumar, yang memiliki tinggi 75 cm telah berhasil masuk ke Guinness Book of World Records setelah membintangi lebih dari 50 film dari usia 13 tahun. Lebih dikenal dengan nama panggung Unda Pakru, bintang kecil telah menjadi nama marga di daerah aslinya, Kerala Setelah meraih ketenaran dan keberuntungan lewat aktingnya, Ajay bahkan dianggap sebagai sukses yang memenuhi syarat yang diinginkan sebuah keluarga yang ingin mencarikan seorang suami yang baik untuk anak perempuan mereka. menikah pada tahun 2005 dengan istrinya Gayatri yang mempunyai tinggi 150 cm, pernikahanya disiarkan di televisi lokal di seluruh negara bagian India barat daya. 2. Chen Li Guilan & Tangyong (Pasangan Terpendek di Dunia)

Dua warga Cina pengantin baru berharap untuk masuk ke buku rekor sebagai pasangan terpendek di dunia. Chen Guilan, 70 cm, dari kota Shunde, Cina, menikahi Li Tangyong, 67 cm pada Oktober 2007. 3. Edward Nino Hernandez (Pemegang rekor Manusia Terkecil Dunia September 2010)

Edward Nino Hernandez secara resmi disebut sebagai manusia hidup terpendek di dunia pada tanggal 4 September 2010, oleh Guinness World Records. Pada usia 24 tahun Hernandez mempunyai tinggi 0,7 m, dan berat 10 kg . Hernandez tinggal di Bogota, Kolombia, dan tubuhnya tidak tumbuh lagi sejak ulang tahun ke-2nya.Mengapa pertumbuhan tubuhnya berhenti, bagaimanapun,hal itu tetap misteri. Rekor Hernandez berakhir pada tanggal 14 Oktober 2010 ketika Khagendra Thapa Magar dari Nepal berusia 18 dinyatakan lebih pendek darinya. 4. Khagendra Thapa Magar (Pemegang Rekor Manusia Terkecil Dunia Oktober 2010)

Khagendra Thapa Magar (lahir 14 Oktober 1992), putra Rup Bahadur dan Dhana Maya Thapa Magar, adalah pria terpendek di dunia, dengan tinggi 0,67 m . Dahulu dia memegang rekor remaja terpendek di dunia, Magar memegang rekor pria terpendek menggantikan Edward Nino Hernandez ketika ia berusia 18 pada 14 Oktober 2010. Magar adalah kurcaci primordial. Dia kehilangan Gelar Rekor "Manusia Terpendek Dunia" pada tanggal 12 Juni 2011, digantikan Junrey Balawing dari Filipina 5. Jyoti Amge (Gadis Terkecil di Dunia)

Jyoti Amge remaja India 15 tahun adalah gadis terkecil di dunia dengan berat sekitar 5kg dan tinggi sekitar 58 cm. Dia memiliki bentuk dwarfisme disebut achodroplasia dan tidak akan pernah tumbuh lebih tinggi. Meskipun tidak begitu bahagia dengan keadaan fisiknya, kini Jyoti bangga menjadi yang terkecil di dunia dan dia banyak mendapat perhatian khusus dari orang-orang di sekitarnya. Jyoti mempunyai harapan bahwa dia satu hari masuk ke Bollywood sebagai seorang aktris.

6. Verne Troyer Verne Troyer

verne troyer

This 40-year old actor, famous for playing Mini-Me in Austin Powers, is now just as famous for his private antics as his professional. Ini aktor berusia 40 tahun, terkenal untuk bermain Mini-Me di Austin Powers, sekarang hanya sebagai terkenal karena kejenakaan swasta sebagai profesional. The self-confessed sex addict was the latest celebrity to fall foul of a sex tape scandal, after private moments between him and his former girlfriend, Ranae Shrider, were leaked. Pecandu seks mengaku diri adalah selebriti terbaru untuk jatuh enak skandal sex tape, setelah saat-saat pribadi antara dia dan mantan pacarnya, Ranae Shrider, yang bocor. He is no stranger to reality TV however, and is currently doing a stint on Celebrity Big Brother UK, where he has been seen getting sozzled on Champagne, flirting with the ladies, and causing havoc on his mobility scooter. Dia tidak asing ke TV realitas Namun, dan saat ini sedang melakukan tugas di Celebrity Big Brother UK, di mana dia telah terlihat masuk mabuk pada Champagne, menggoda dengan wanita, dan menyebabkan kerusakan pada skuter mobilitas nya.

7. Danny Devito Danny DeVito

Danny Devito

This huge movie star stands at just 4”11 tall. Bintang film besar berdiri di hanya 4 "11 tinggi. He was born in Neptune, New Jersey, to a middle class family, and decided to go into acting at an early age. Ia dilahirkan di Neptune, New Jersey, untuk sebuah keluarga kelas menengah, dan memutuskan untuk pergi ke dunia akting pada usia dini. After getting his big break in Taxi, Devito went on to star in blockbusters such as Other People's Money, LA Confidential, Batman and Heist. Setelah mendapatkan terobosan besar di Taksi, DeVito pergi ke bintang di film-film seperti Uang Orang Lain, LA Rahasia, Batman dan Heist. He continues to act, but also branched into producing, with films such as Pulp Fiction and Erin Brockovich under his belt. Dia terus bertindak, tapi juga bercabang menjadi memproduksi, dengan film seperti Pulp Fiction dan Erin Brockovich di bawah ikat pinggang.

 

Berita Selanjutnya

KLIK INI

 

 

 

Kesehatan buah hati juga merupakan tanggung jawab Anda sebagai orang tua mereka. Salah satunya adalah dengan memberikan makanan sehat dan menghindarkan mereka dari makanan yang penuh dengan zat aditif.

Kesehatan buah hati juga merupakan tanggung jawab Anda sebagai orang tua mereka. Salah satunya adalah dengan memberikan makanan sehat dan menghindarkan mereka dari makanan yang penuh dengan zat aditif.

Berikut adalah beberapa jenis makanan yang sebaiknya tidak diberikan pada buah hati .

Daging olahan
Sebaiknya Anda tidak memberikan daging olahan seperti kornet, sosis, atau daging burger yang ada di dalam kemasan. Sebab makanan ini hanya mengandung lemak, nitrat, natrium dan pengawet yang mampu meningkatkan risiko penyakit jantung, diabetes, dan kanker usus besar.

Minuman berenergi
Minuman berenergi atau minuman bersirup sarat akan gula tambahan yang dapat membahayakan kesehatan. Salah satunya adalah dapat memicu munculnya obesitas dan diabetes.

Saus tomat kalengan
Saus tomat kalengan juga dapat membahayakan kesehatan kesehatan buah hati Anda sebab kaleng atau plastik saus tomat tersebut mengandung BPA atau bisphenol A yang dikaitkan dapat memicu obesitas, asma, mengganggu kesehatan reproduksi, diabetes, dan masalah hati.

Sereal manis
Sereal manis hanya mengandung sedikit gandum atau serat namun tinggi akan gula tambahan. Selain itu makanan tersebut juga mengandung pewarna tambahan untuk dapat menarik minat buah hati Anda.

Demi kesehatan tubuh buah hati Anda, sebaiknya Anda tidak memberikan makanan di atas pada buah hati Anda. Sebagai gantinya, Anda dapat membuat bekal atau camilan sendiri yang bahan dan cara pengolahannya dapat Anda awasi sendiri.

CARA : Harga Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir adalah merupakan alat tambang yang digunakan khusus untuk menyaring pasir, sepe

CARA : Harga Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir adalah merupakan alat tambang yang digunakan khusus untuk menyaring pasir, seperti silica dan lain jenis pasir lainnya. Kalau dulu orang hanya menggunakan cara manual dengan dilakukan oleh 2 orang yang saling berhadapan dengan masing-masing memegang kedua sudut pengayak tersebut sambil digoyang-goyangkan. Tapi sekarang tidak lagi, ayakan pasir atau yang dikenal dalam bahasa bugis dengan Conveyor pasir sudah bisa dijalankan oleh mesin dengan kapasitas yang jauh lebih besar dari yang cara manual.

Sistem kerja mesin ayakan pasir hampir sama dengan cara manual yang dijalankan oleh dua orang pekerja sebagaimana dijelaskan di atas, hanya saja dengan alat modern ini pengerjaannya jauh lebih cepat dan kita tidak perlu repot mengeluarkan tenaga besar untuk mengayak pasir yang bertumpuk, apalagi untuk kebutuhan pertambangan dan bisnis bahan bangunan. Mengapa demikian, karena alat ini dijalankan dengan mesin dengan kecepatan dan hasil produksi yang bisa disetting oleh pemiliknya. Tapi perlu diperhatikan bahwa dalam menjalankan mesin ini harus dengan teknik dan panduan lengkap dari penyedianya agar hasil dan ketahanan mesin bisa dipertahankan untuk jangka waktu yang lebih lama.

Harga Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir by Caramaster
Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir

Dilihat dari gambar mesin Pengayak Pasir yang anda saksikan di atas sudah memiliki spesifikasi : Belt Conveyor, Vibrating Screener, Roda Pemindahan Lokasi Pengayakan, serta Diesel Genset. Dengan berbagai kelengkapan tersbut maka tentunya akan sangat memudahkan kita dalam mengoperasikannya sebab dapat mobile atau dipindahkan sesuai dengan tempat akan dilakukannya pengayakan pasir

Kelebihan lain dari mesin ini adalah dimana hasil ayak yang dihasilkan bisa seragam besaran butirannya. Dan inilah mungkin yang sangat kita butuhkan dari hasil produksi pasir yang kita usahakan. Selain itu pemakaian listriknya juga cenderung hemat sehingga mengurangi biaya pengeluaran produksi serta tidak cepat habis saat digunakan. Di indonesia sendiri sudah banyak yang memesannya dan bahkan telah membeli dan menggunakan barangnya.

Di pasaran mesin dengan kapasitas seperti yang kami terangkan biasanya dibandrol di kisaran Rp. 120.000.000 (seratus dua puluh jutaan) dengan tambahan spek seperti motor listrik 10 HP, dengan lebar alat pengayak yaitu 1,6 x 4,5 meter untuk menghasilkan hasil penapisan pasir yang banyak sekaligus. Dan untuk mengantisipasi jika disekitar mesin tidak ditemukan saluran listrik langsung maka dilengkapi juga dengan mesin genset yang bermesin diesel berkekuatan 30 KVA serta tentunya juga untuk memudahkan pemindahan ke berbagai tempat dan medan yang berbeda maka sudah dilengkapi dengan roda ban.

Kirim Mobil dengan harga murah pasti telah banyak dinantikan oleh semua orang kan, apalagi diindonesia sangat cinta dengan yang

Kirim Mobil dengan harga murah pasti telah banyak dinantikan oleh semua orang kan, apalagi diindonesia sangat cinta dengan yang nama nya diskon, kalo yang namanya potongan harga dimana mana pasti akan dikerubungi oleh pembeli.

Nah, Jika ada Jasa Pengiriman Mobil murah , mungkin bisa jadi dikerubungi oleh banyak orang , ya kan ? semua bisa terjadi

Jasa kirim Mobil akan Dibutuhkan oleh orang orang yang baru membeli mobil dari luar kota, jasa ini mungkin salah satu solusinya, nggak mungkin kalo mobil tu dibawa dengan tas jinjing ada ada saja.

Ok , Semangat Ya Menjalani Hari ini.

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

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Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.